Effect of Coriolus Versicolor Polysaccharide-B on the Biological Characteristics of Human Esophageal Carcinoma Cell Line Eca109

Dao-feng Wang, Ning Lou, Xiao-dong Li

Abstract


Objective    To investigate the effect of Coriolus versicolor polysaccharide-B (CVPs-B) on the biological characteristics of human esophageal carcinoma cell line Eca109 in vitro.
Methods     The cells of experimental group (EG) were cultured in DMEM with 10% FCS and 150μg/mL CVPs-B, the cells of control group (CG) were cultured in DMEM with 10% FCS without CVPs-B. MTT reduction assay was performed to detect the effect of CVPs-B on the proliferation of Eca109 cells after the compound was administrated in varying concentrations. The living conditions of the Eca109 cells were determined using trypan blue exclusion. Then, cell growth curves were drawn. Flow cytometry was performed to detect the effect of CVPs-B on the apoptosis and cell cycle of Eca109.
Results    In comparison with the CG, a marked decrease in the proliferation of Eca09 cells was observed in the EG, after incubation with CVPs-B. The survival rate of Eca09 cells decreased as the time of CVPs-B incubation prolonged. Comparing the cell cycles and apoptotic rates between the two groups, the proportions of cells in the G0/G1, S, and G2/M phases in the EG were found to be (68.4±3.7)%, (13.9±2.1)%, and (17.7±1.4)%, respectively, after 24 h incubation with CVPs-B. The cells had an apoptotic rate of (9.7±0.7)%. On the other hand, the proportions of the G0/G1, S, and G2/M cells of the CG were found to be (53.9±3.6)%, (26.6±2.8)%, and  (19.5±2.3)%, respectively, with an apoptotic rate of (5.7±1.4)%. In comparison with the CG cells, significant cell growth in the G0/G1 phase was observed in the EG (P<0.05). Furthermore, a significant decrease in the number of cells in the S phase was observed (P<0.05) in the EG.
Conclusions    CVPs-B can inhibit proliferation and enhance apoptosis of Eca109 cells and may be useful in the treatment of esophageal carcinoma.

Keywords


esophageal carcinoma, CVPs-B, proliferation, apoptosis

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