Application of Meta-Analysis in Evidence-Based Oncology

Xiaoping LIN, Qingsheng WANG

Abstract


The Cochrane Collaboration is an international not-for-profit and  independent  organization,  dedicated  to  providing  up-to-date  evidence-based  information  about  the  effects  of  healthcare  in  the  form  of  systematic reviews. Meta-analysis is a statistical tool to prepare the systematic reviews.  This paper briefly introduces the above terms and how to apply evidence-based oncology. Recent findings by using meta-analysis for cancers of the breast,  lung,  colon,  liver,  stomach  and  cervix  uteri  were  reviewed  in  three cancer fields, viz., etiologic research, screening and therapy. 

Keywords


evidence-based medicine, cancer, systematic

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